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Cuvier’s Gazelle

Gazella cuvieri
gazelle de Cuvier
Cuvier’s gazelle
edmi
ich amokrane

A medium-sized gazelle (35 kg), reddish-brown in colour, with a white belly and contrasting dark flank stripe and black tail. Horns in the male are rather straight and stout and heavily annulated. Females’ horns more slender.



species biology
Cuvier’s gazelles live in small herds but larger groups of up to 25 have been observed in areas of exceptional grazing. Males are territorial and stay with or in the neighbourhood of females and their offspring. Bachelor herds also present. Young are born mostly in spring and twins are often reported.
species habitat

A species of lightly-wooded, hilly and rocky country; able to climb significant slopes. Typically present in areas of Aleppo pine but numbers decrease in dense forest. Formerly present in low-rainfall desert mountain ranges with sparse wadi vegetation scattered Juniperus scrub.

species distribution
Distribution

Endemic to the Atlas and Anti-Atlas mountains of the Maghreb countries of Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia. Formerly present further south co-habiting with Barbary sheep in more arid regions such as Senghar in Tunisia and the Draa Valley in Morocco.

species conservation

Classified as Endangered by the IUCN Red List with possibly less than 2500 individuals in the wild and fragmented to the point that no subpopulation is believed to contain more than 250 mature individuals. The species is legally protected throughout its range but poaching is still widespread. Mountain habitats provide some protection and populations in some areas appear stable or increasing slightly. Country-wide hunting ban in Algeria has had a positive effect on Cuvier’s numbers. Present in a number of national parks and nature reserves in Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco and reintroduction was carried out at the northernmost point of its distribution in Tunisia, the Bou Kornine NP just south of Tunis.

species protection
species priorities
  1. Enhanced control of poaching
  2. Creation of a Taghit protected area in Algeria
  3. Reintroduction in protected areas such as Bou Hedma and Dghoumes in Tunisia to stimulate recolonization of pre-Sahara mountains
  4. Enhanced captive-breeding programmes
species references
  • UNEP/CMS. 2006. Sahelo-Saharan Antelopes. Status and perspectives. Report on the conservation status of the six Sahelo-Saharan antelopes. Eds. R.C. Beudels, P. Devillers, R-M. Lafontaine, J. Devillers-Terschuren & M-O. Beudels. CMS SSA Concerted Action. 2nd Ed. CMS Technical Series Publication No 10, 2006. UNEP/CMS Secretariat, Bonn, Germany.
  • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008 (http://www.iucnredlist.org/)
  • Ultimate Ungulate (http://www.ultimateungulate.com)


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